|Dawn of the Planet of the Apes|
|Production Company|| 20th Century Fox, |
|Writers|| Rick Jaffa|
Scott Z. Burns
|Released||July 11, 2014|
|Runtime||130 minutes (2 hours and 10 minutes)|
|“||One Last Chance For Peace||”|
— Unofficial Tagline
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes is the 2014 sequel to the 2011 science fiction film Rise of the Planet of the Apes. Andy Serkis, returns as Caesar, the Chimpanzee revolutionary while stuntman Terry Notary returns to reprise his role as Caesar's hairless Chimpanzee best friend, Rocket. Karin Konoval returns as Caesar's trusted Orangutan best friend Maurice.
The film features Judy Greer who plays Caesar's wife, Cornelia replacing dancer Devyn Dalton in the role. The film also stars Nick Thurston who joins the cast as Caesar and Cornelia's teenage son, Blue Eyes. While Toby Kebbell joins the cast as Caesar's rival Koba, replacing Christopher Gordon in the role. The film also stars Keri Russell as Ellie, Jason Clarke as Malcolm, and Kodi Smit-McPhee as Alexander, the human family which Caesar encounters while Gary Oldman joins the cast as Dreyfus, the human antagonist.
10 years from now, Caesar tries to maintain order over a growing nation of genetically evolved apes who are threatened by a band of humans in San Francisco, survivors of the devastating virus unleashed a decade and a half earlier. They reach a fragile peace, but it proves short-lived, as both sides are brought to the brink of a war that will determine who will emerge as Earth's dominant species.
Starting in 2016, Hunisker the first known carrier of the ALZ-113 virus, spreads the infection first in France, then to Europe, then all over the world. Entire governments trace where the virus started, which is San Francisco. As entire governments of every nation in the world, is trying to find a cure but proves difficult. The virus causes many nations to declare martial law, and massive civil unrest breaks out, followed by power outage, and causing millions of deaths worldwide. The virus finally causes the collapse of human civilization and the economic collapse of every country in the world. Ten years later, Caesar now leads and governs a new generation of apes in a community located in the Muir Woods. The group includes comrades from the ape sanctuary (notably Rocket and Maurice) as well as Koba, the primate formerly experimented on at Gen-sys. Caesar leads the apes on a hunting party for deer, where his adolescent son, Blue Eyes, is scarred by an attacking grizzly bear but is saved by Caesar and Koba. Afterwards Caesar is summoned to his home in the apes' newly built village, where his sick wife has given birth to a newborn son.
Blue Eyes and Ash (son of Rocket) encounter a small party of armed survivors in the forest led by a man named Malcolm. In a panic, Carver, holding deep distrust for the apes, shoots and wounds Ash. Caesar decides against retaliation and orders the humans to leave but orders koba and a small faction of apes to follow them. It is revealed a group of humans genetically immune to the virus have established a guarded safe-haven inside a semi-built tower in the heart of post-apocalyptic San Francisco.
Caesar pre-emptively leads the apes to a face-to-face confrontation with the humans at the tower where he speaks to surpirise of the people there. Caesar shouts "Apes do not want war ! But will fight if we must !!!". Caesar then orders the humans to stay in their own terriotory while the apes stay in their own. He personally orders Malcolm, the safe-haven's co-founder, to never enter ape territory again and after returning malcom's son satch the apes leave.
Malcolm convinces the human camp's leader Dreyfus to give him three days to reconcile with the apes to gain access to a hydroelectric dam in their territory, which could provide long-term power to the city. Dreyfus is distrustful of the apes and arms survivors using an abandoned armoury in preparation for war if malcom doesn't return. Malcom and his group then head to Ape Terroritory he tells them he's going in alone and says if he's not back in an hour they must leave. Malcom then heads into the ape village where he is spotted by a gorilla named Stone who alerts the other apes and captures malcom. The apes bring the human to caesar where he gives his reason for disobeying the rule caesar gave, Caesar's lieutenant Koba encourages him to wipe the humans out while they are desperate but malcom begs him not to and says if he is threat to them they have permission to kill him where he stand. Seeing possible peace between the races, Caesar allows Malcolm to work on the dam's generator provided that humans give up their guns and work unarmed. Time and time again, Caesar is unable to successfully teach Blue Eyes about the humans' capacity for good he witnessed growing up. As Malcolm, his wife Ellie, and son Alexander work, they bond with the apes. Trust temporarily comes to a standstill as Carver threatens Caesar's newborn with a concealed weapon, but later Ellie helps treat Caesar's sick wife with antibiotics.
Koba discovers the armoury and questions Caesars allegiance. Caesar heavily beats Koba for his insolence but forgives him, causing Koba to secretly plan his usurpation. Koba steals an assault rifle from the armoury after murdering two human guards. The night power is restored to the city, the humans rejoice and Malcolm's team celebrates with the apes while Koba beats Carver to death and has two apes set the apes' home alight. In hiding, Koba shoots Caesar as the two lock eyes, presumably killing him. The ape colony grows frantic with the loss of the Alpha Male and Koba blames Malcolm's team for Caesar's death and burning the colony, brainwashing Blue Eyes. He orders war with the humans as retribution. Maurice helps Malcolm and his family escape into hiding. Assuming leadership, Koba leads able-bodied apes to war in San Francisco. The pack overwhelms the armoury and charge the tower’s gates heavily armed. Despite heavy casualties, Koba helps the apes overrun the tower and imprison all the humans as Dreyfus flees underground. When Ash refuses Koba’s orders to kill an unarmed man, citing Caesar's teachings, Koba kills Ash before Blue Eyes' eyes and jails all Caesar sympathizers.
Malcolm, Ellie, and Alexander find Caesar barely alive and transport him to his former home in San Francisco. Caesar informs Malcolm that it was Koba, not Carver, who shot him as Malcolm’s family discover Caesar’s upbringing. Malcolm finds medical supplies for Ellie to operate and brings Blue Eyes back with him to Caesar. Caesar and Blue Eyes embrace, update, and forgive each other. Caesar laments he was misguided when thinking apes were better than humans, having now seen what they're capable of and realizing the two are not so different after all. Blue Eyes frees the humans and the apes loyal to Caesar while a resting Caesar becomes nostalgic examining mementos from his childhood. The freed apes join Caesar and confront Koba at the summit of the tower. Dreyfus informs Malcolm that his men have made radio contact with another band of survivors on their way to fight the apes in San Francisco. While Caesar and Koba battle for supremacy, Malcolm unsuccessfully prevents Dreyfus from detonating C-4 explosives underneath the tower. The explosion kills Dreyfus and collapses part of the tower, injuring and killing several apes. As Caesar and others assist the injured, Koba opens fire, wounding Maurice. Caesar gains the upper hand and overpowers Koba, leaving him grasping to a ledge. This time around, Caesar refuses to save Koba and lets him fall to his death, claiming that while apes don't kill other apes, Koba has proven that he is no longer a true ape.
Malcolm informs Caesar of the impending arrival of human reinforcements as the two mourn the lost chance for peace now that war has begun. Caesar tells Malcolm the humans will never forgive the apes for the war they unfortunately started and tells him to leave with his family for safety. As Malcolm slips away into the shadows, Caesar stands tall at dawn before his family and a kneeling mass of apes, ready to lead them into war.
Cast and CrewEdit
- Andy Serkis as Caesar - the leader of the apes and the king of the Ape Colony, Cornelia's husband and the father of Blue Eyes and Milo.
- Toby Kebbell as Koba - Caesar's former advisor, former friend, rival, enemy and the main villain in the film.
- Nick Thurston as Blue Eyes - Caesar and Cornelia's teenage son, the prince of the Ape Colony and the older brother of Milo.
- Terry Notary as Rocket - Caesar's second best friend, second-in-command, former rival and the father of Ash.
- Karin Konoval as Maurice - Caesar's best friend, third-in-command, a teacher and the ape colony's wise seer.
- Judy Greer as Cornelia - Caesar's wife, the queen of the Ape Colony and the mother of Blue Eyes and Milo.
- Doc Shaw as Ash - the teenage son of Rocket, and Blue Eyes' best friend.
- Lee Ross as Grey - a Chimpanzee who is a follower of Koba and assists him with his plans.
- Richard King as Stone - a Chimpanzee who is another of Koba's followers.
- Scott Lang as Luca - a Gorilla, Caesar's good friend and fourth-in-command.
- CGI as Milo - the newborn son of Caesar and Cornelia, the younger brother of Blue Eyes, and the second prince of the Ape Colony.
- Jason Clarke as Malcolm - the leader of the Humans who teams up with Caesar, a protagonist; the human counterpart of Caesar.
- Gary Oldman as Dreyfus - the leader of the Human Colony, an antagonist; the human counterpart of Koba.
- Keri Russell as Ellie - Malcolm's second wife and the step-mother of Alexander; the human counterpart of Cornelia.
- Kodi Smit-McPhee as Alexander - Malcolm's teenage son and step-son of Ellie, befriended by Maurice; the human counterpart for Blue Eyes.
- Kirk Acevedo as Carver - a member of Malcolm's group and a former Engineer, has an attitude problem and a strong hatred for apes, the second human counterpart of Koba.
- Jon Eyez as Foster - a member of Malcolm's group.
- Enrique Murciano as Kemp - a member of Malcolm's group.
- Keir O'Donnell as Finney - an ally of Dreyfus.
- Kevin Rankin as McVeigh - an ally of Dreyfus.
- Jocko Sims as Werner - an ally of Dreyfus.
- Mustafa Harris as Officer #1 - a member of Malcolm's group who is wary and later becomes friendly with the apes.
- J.D. Evermore as Sniper
- Al Vicente as Man 1
- Matt James as Man 2
- Deneen Tyler as Woman
- Lombardo Boyar as Terry
- Mike Seal as Driver
- Chase Boltin as Recruit
- Michael Papajohn as Cannon-Gunner
- Thomas Rosales Jr. as Old Man
- Carol Sutton as Old Woman
- Christopher Berry as Gun-Clinching Man
- James Franco as Will Rodman - the adoptive father of Caesar, and the adoptive grandfather of Blue Eyes and Milo, (archive footage and photo, cameo; uncredited).
- Monica Rene'e Anderson as Captured Human (uncredited)
- John L. Armijo as Dreyfus' Officer (uncredited)
- Jon Arthur as Armed Sentry / Dreyfus Officer (uncredited)
- Blake Nelson Boyd as Human Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Joe Bravo as City Hall Colonist (uncredited)
- Edward J. Clare as Prisoner (uncredited)
- Duane Cothren as Armed Colony Member (uncredited).
- Kurt Cotton as Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Steve D'Assis as Survivor (uncredited)
- Tommy Dallace as Nero (uncredited)
- Michelle DeVito as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Santana Draper as Human Colony Member (uncredited)
- Neil Durr as Prisoner (uncredited)
- Jazzy Ellis as Human Colony (uncredited)
- Joseph Fischer as Dreyfus Man (uncredited)
- Tina Gilton as City Hall Colonist (uncredited)
- Geraldine Glenn as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Monica R. Harris as Human Colony (uncredited)
- Alaine Huntington as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Lucky Johnson as Rationer (uncredited)
- Mark Joyce as Human Colony (uncredited)
- Sergio Kato as Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Angela Kerecz as Captured Human (uncredited)
- Bobby Kerecz as Captured Human (uncredited)
- Anthony A. Kung as Colony Member (uncredited)
- Richie J. Ladner as City Hall Colonist (uncredited)
- Cynthia LeBlanc as Kissing Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Nicholas Leonard as Human Colony (uncredited)
- John R. Mangus as Dreyfus' Officer (uncredited)
- Ken Massey as Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Kevonte Mcdonald as Human (uncredited)
- Mike R. Moreau as Human Survivor (Courthouse) (uncredited)
- Rebekah Jean Morgan as Colony Member (uncredited)
- Barack Obama as Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
- John Parsons as Human Colony Member (uncredited)
- Timothy Pickles as Human Colony Member (uncredited)
- Diezel Ramos as Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Gus Rhodes as Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Edwin Richardson as Human colonist (uncredited)
- Ryan Daniel Rodriguez as Armed Colony Member (uncredited)
- Carl Schreiber as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Connie Jo Sechrist as City Hall Colonist (uncredited)
- Kerry Sims as Dreyfus Officer (uncredited)
- Valerie Strecker as Dreyfus Officer (uncredited)
- Jimmy Sweetwater as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Joseph Uzzell as Armed Human Colonist (uncredited)
- M. Jearl Vinot as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Jason Watson as Capture Human (uncredited)
- Steven Wiig as Human Colony Survivor (uncredited)
- Douglas Wilcox II as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Caleb Wiley as Human Colonist (uncredited)
- Timothy Wyant as Attacked First Running Colonist (uncredited)
- Lynnanne Zager as Newscaster (voice) (uncredited)
- Ahmed Zakzouk as Human (uncredited)
- Director ... Matt Reeves
- Screenwriters ... Amanda Silver, Rick Jaffa, Scott Z. Burns, Mark Bomback
- Producers ... Peter Chernin, Dylan Clark, Rick Jaffa, Amanda Silver
- Executive Producer ... Thomas M. Hammel
- Cinematography ... Michael Seresin
- Production Designer ... James Chinlund
- Film Editor ... William Hoy, Stan Salfas
- Senior Visual Effects Supervisor ... Joe Letteri
- Visual Effects Supervisor ... Dan Lemmon, Keith Miller, Erik Winquist
- Music ... Michael Giacchino
- Costume Designer ... Melissa Bruning
- Casting ... Debra Zane
- Unit Production Manager ... Wendy S. Williams
- San Francisco (ruins)
- Campbell River, North Vancouver Island.
- New Orleans.
Behind the ScenesEdit
San Francisco World PremiereEdit
Early Publicity Images from San Diego Comic Con '13Edit
Other Related ImagesEdit
Behind the ScenesEdit
Very soon after the release of Rise of the Planet of the Apes, speculation began on a potential sequel. Director Rupert Wyatt had many ideas already: "Caesar is a revolutionary figure who will be talked about by his fellow apes for centuries... This is just the first step in the evolution of the apes, and there's a lot more stories to tell after this. I imagine the next film will be about the all-out war between the apes and humans". "You could start this story again eight years from where we left off, the next generation of apes, those that have come from our protagonists, perhaps going in to a conflict with humans and showing real fear, in the same way as going into war for young soldiers in this day and age, telling their story. Or how apes are taking over cities, and being moved into human environments and having to interact with them and deal with things that are part of our culture and understand and evolve through them." "The great thing is you can have the next generation of apes who have grown up within the paradise they find [at the end of the first film]. You can have a new generation evolve who have inherited the genes, and they're the ones that are going into battle; they are the ones displaying real fear as young soldiers when they're going into battle. Think 'Full Metal Jacket'... that kind of urban environment not dissimilar to Western forces going into Baghdad. Remember when the soldiers were finding gold telephones in Hussein's home? It would be the same way that the apes would understand our species through what we've created - whether it be TV or cooking or whatever it may be." "There's so much we can do. Whereas the story of the first film plays out as a fairy tale, the next film will play out as a Shakespearean sci-fi drama where you'll have Caesar as the leader of this revolution, but Koba would be the one leading his own troops wanting to wipe out humans in a genocide. But Caesar is more conflicted, and maybe Caesar needs Koba's assistance in terms of the conflict. And Maurice is his advisor and he's telling him to combine forces. Caesar needs the allegiance of the two, although he doesn't believe in what Koba believes in, which is complete genocide." "You could always portray the human face through that of a resistance leader or the guy who is trying to find a cure for the virus [that's killing humans]. Maybe it's a little bit like 12 Monkeys, where every human has gone underground to avoid the virus, and when they come up to the surface they're wearing gas masks. In a way, that would de-humanize them and would make us really follow the apes. That's what interests me. This shouldn't be apes as our enemy, this should be about the idea of a whole new civilization coming into being. With the beauty of modern cinema, we, the audience, have an opportunity to witness that."
In April 2012, Fox's Tom Rothman announced that Rupert Wyatt and Andy Serkis were committed to a sequel, which "will be a summer '14 movie." "We've got to have a great script. Because now, having made that good a movie, we better make the next one better." "I think one of the big questions they're wrestling with now, which is kind of the fun, is how far forward do we skip? When does it start? Does it start the next day? The next year? Does it start in 10 years? Does it start in 50 years?"  In May 2012, Scott Z. Burns (writer of Steven Soderbergh’s Contagion) took over from Amanda Silver & Rick Jaffa as scriptwriter for the sequel. Soon after, it was announced that the sequel would be titled Dawn of the Planet of the Apes, with a provisional release date of 23 May 2014, but by October Matt Reeves (Let Me In) had replaced Wyatt as director of the project, using the existing script by Silver and Jaffa. Later in October, Mark Bomback was hired to rework the script, having already done some uncredited work on Silver and Jaffa’s script for Rise of the Planet of the Apes.
At the end of 2012, James Franco revealed, "I was going to be a small part of the next one. There was a moment when Rupert Wyatt was going to direct the second one. A lot of the human characters that were in the first movie were dead in the sequel that Rupert was going to direct. But there was one scene, between Caesar and my character, maybe even just like on a video that was left behind, but then a lot of things happened, like Tom Rothman, who was a big part of the first movie, left. Now Rupert's not a part of it so I don't know. My guess is I won't be in it. Nobody's talked to me since Rupert left". February and March brought news that the cast would include Gary Oldman as human leader Dreyfus, Judy Greer (13 Going On 30) as Cornelia, Jason Clarke (Zero Dark Thirty), Kodi Smit-McPhee and Keri Russell (Matt Reeves' and J. J. Abrams' Felicity and Abrams' Mission: Impossible 3). The plot would take place 15 years after "Rise" and deal with two groups: "One focus is on the group of human scientists who are struggling to survive alone in San Francisco. Another aspect of the story is the struggle of intelligent ape Caesar...to maintain dominance over his kingdom".
The first quarter of shooting was scheduled to begin on April 2nd 2013 at the Campbell River area on North Vancouver Island - chosen for its similarity to the locations depicted in the film, the forests, and the variety of landscapes - before moving to New Orleans from May 1st to July 14th.
This movie, featuring even more apes will again use CGI technology to animate the apes. However this time around the team has chosen to hire acrobats instead of just stuntmen who were used in Rise of the Planet of the Apes. Dawn even boasts Cirque du Soleil performers as ,members of their cast. “Instead of a VFX (visual effects) guy trying to make up what it would be like for a Chimpanzee to fly from limb to limb, now we have guys that can actually jump the 20 feet,” producer Dylan Clark says. The cast of Dawn features a much larger cast of apes then it's predecessor Rise. Dylan Clark again spoke about thier endevours with this technology saying “We want the Chimpanzees to act and look and be photorealistic, We want this movie to feel real. If we pull this off, it’ll be supercool.” Read more at 
What Year Is The Film Set?Edit
- The official 20th Century Fox / Chernin Entertainment website for the movie states "TIME SINCE HUMAN AND APE CONTACT: 10 YEARS. CURRENT YEAR: 2026." This would place the events of Rise in 2008 (Caesar's birth) to 2016 (the Ape Rebellion). In Rise, a newspaper from the day of the Ape Rebellion appears to have the date Monday, July 18, 2016.
- When the Simian Flu website was launched a year prior to this film's release, it said that the outbreak took place in 2013. Adding ten years would place Dawn in 2023. This was later changed to 2011, perhaps to correlate with the release date of Rise.
- The Motherboard shorts Before The Dawn also use 2011 as the outbreak year. Adding ten years would place Dawn in 2021.
- In Dawn of the Planet of the Apes - Official Movie Novelization, Dreyfus looks at the photo of his family, which is mentioned as having been taken in the year 2012 in the early days of the Simian Flu. Adding ten years would place the story in 2021.
- The car used by Malcolm's group has a 2013 sticker on the license plate.
Upon hitting the home stretch before the film is released, 20th Century Fox has been busy in promoting the film. They have released trailers, TV, spots, posters, featurettes, gifs on their Tumblr page, and small images on their Facebook and Twitter pages.
They released a teaser trailer on December 18th, 2013 thus raising the hype. Then on May 8th, 2014 they released another trailer featuring more of the film.
The first TV Spot was featured during the Walking Dead season finale on March 30th, 2014. This TV Spot has been named "Intense". They later released yet another TV Spot. This TV Spot is titled "War Has Begun". On March 28th they released the TV spot "prepare".
Upon the release of the teaser trailer, four character posters of Caesar, Koba, Rocket and Luca were released. A couple of months later a poster of Caesar and his infant son was released. A sixth poster of Caesar and his army was later released.
San Diego Comic Con 2013Edit
Members of the cast and crew visited San Diego Comic Con '13 to promote the upcoming movie.
There have been two websites to promote this movie there has been the dawn of apes website and the fictional OPHA website.
Dawn of ApesEdit
This website gives you insight into the universe of Dawn of the Planet of the Apes ands shows the struggles endured by humanity and the rise of the ape colony. It can be found at dawnofapes.com. It features the film's trailers, posters and the Comic Con '13 released webcomic, Before the Dawn.
OPHA WebsiteEditThe OPHA website was launched the day Director Matt Reeves, Producer Dylan Clark and actors, Andy Serkis, Jason Clarke and Keri Russell attended the 2013 Comic Con International convention in San Diego.
The website is fictional and shows just how quickly the Simian Flu has spread throughout the world. The website contains a fictional twitter feed, a chart display where the Simian Flu has struck as well as a symptoms and ways to prevent the spread of the disease. Visit the site at: http://www.simianflu.com/
The movie comes closer to opening day, everyday there is something added to the film official Facebook page. Three such promotions include the three video seen below of the deterioration of London, New York and of course the film's setting, San Francisco. Other media that add excess promotion include the film's magazine that includes interviews with the cast and crew, exclusive first looks at the new characters and more.
Building a Better Ape FeaturetteEdit
The production team released a short documentary detailing how they improved the Ape costume mechanics for the sequel, the likes of which can be viewed below.
- Dawn of the Planet of the Apes will be novelized in June 2014 by author Alex Irvine. It will also have an official movie prequel written by Greg Keyes. This was mistaken as Dawn's prequel film Rise. The Prequel Novel will be out on the 27th May, 2014 with the eBook edition to be released June 3rd and the film's novelization will follow in July of the same, prior to the film's release. There will also be a book released on the concept art released for both Dawn and Rise.
- Due to Paul Walker's death during the production of Fast and Furious 7, Dawn's release date has been pushed forward to July 11 to fill the absence release space.
- James Franco's character Will will make a cameo in the film despite having died during the virus outbreak. Footage from Rise is to be used in some way as a flashback of sorts to give closure to Caesar to his adoptive father's death. Please note: James Franco had no involvement in the film and had no knowledge of the cameo so it can assumed that the cameo will be uncredited.
- ↑ http://www.dawnofapes.com
- ↑ Sci Fi Magazine (August 2011)
- ↑ Rupert Wyatt Discusses Sequel Possibilities!, by Nordling - 'Ain't It Cool' News (August 8, 2011)
- ↑ Director Rupert Wyatt on the Film, Its Themes & The Sequel, by Ed Gross - ComicBookMovie.com (August 5, 2011)
- ↑ Planet Of The Apes Sequel Rising In Summer 2014, by Eric Ditzian and Josh Horowitz - MTV News (April 27 2012)
- ↑ 'Contagion' Writer Tapped to Pen 'Rise of the Planet of the Apes' sequel, by Borys Kit - The Hollywood Reporter (May 15 2012)
- ↑ Rise Of The Planet Of The Apes Sequel Gets Title, 2014 Release Date, by Sean O'Connell - Cinema Blend (May 31 2012)
- ↑ Scott Z. Burns to write 'Rise of the Planet of the Apes' Sequel, by Matt Currie - Collider.com (May 15th, 2012)
- ↑ Matt Reeves to direct 'Dawn of the Planet of the Apes' , by Adam Chitwood - Collider.com (October 1st, 2012)
- ↑ The Wolverine scribe Mark Bomback to rewrite 'Dawn of the Planet of the Apes' , by Adam Chitwood - Collider.com (October 18th, 2012)
- ↑ James Franco Reveals Untold Story Behind Lindsay Lohan R.E.M. Video, by Josh Horowitz - MTV (December 17 2012)
- ↑ Jason Clarke to Star in 'Dawn of the Planet of the Apes' , by Borys Kit - 'The Hollywood Reporter' (19 February 2013)
- ↑ Campbell River gets ready for ape invasion, by CTV News (March 20, 2013)